YOGYAKARTA (also called Yogya or Jogja) is located in the middle of the island of Java. It is a very affordable place to live as a student. With only $20 per day, you are able to stay, eat famous, authentic, delicious food, and rent a motorbike to explore the pure beaches and thousands of years old ancient temples.
A thousand years ago, Yogyakarta was the center of the ancient Syailendra kingdom which was prosperous and highly civilized. This kingdom built Borobudur Temple which was the biggest Buddhist temple in the world, 300 years before Angkor Wat in Cambodia. Some other relics are Prambanan Temple, Ratu Boko Palace, and dozens of other temples scattered throughout Yogyakarta. The Ancient Mataram Kingdom moved its central government to East Java in the 10th century. The magnificent temples were abandoned and partially buried by the eruption material of Merapi Volcano. Slowly, Yogyakarta region became a dense forest. Six hundred years later, Panembahan Senopati established the Islamic Mataram Kingdom in the region.
Once again, Yogyakarta witnessed the history of a great kingdom that ruled Java Island and its surrounding areas. The Islamic Mataram Kingdom left a trail of ruins of the fortress and royal tombs in Kotagede which is well-known as the center of silver handicraft in Yogyakarta. The Giyanti agreement in 1755 divided the Islamic Mataram Kingdom into Kasunanan Surakarta (based in Solo) and the Yogyakarta Sultanate (founded in Yogyakarta). The Kraton (Palace) still exists today and functions as the residence of the Sultan and his family as well as hundreds of Abdi Dalem (the servants of the palace) who faithfully serve the palace voluntarily and run the tradition in the midst of changing times. At the palace, there are many cultural performances such as wayang kulit (puppet shadow play), gamelan (Javanese orchestra), and Javanese dances.
Because of its proximity to the Borobudur and Prambanan temples, and because of the Javanese court Kraton culture of Kraton Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta has become an important tourist destination in Indonesia. Most tourists come to Yogyakarta as an accommodation base to visit Borobudur and Prambanan. At tourist sites, you may meet high school students who look forward to having a conversation in English with you to polish their language skills.
Nine rock sites in the Yogyakarta area have been declared as geo-heritage sites.
- Kalisuci Cave in Semanu, Gunung Kidul
- Pindul Cave in Gunung Kidul
- Jomblang Cave in Gunung Kidul, a pit cave with 2 holes 60 meters and 80 meters deep, where tourists can explore guided by a local tour operator company.
- Timang Beach in Gunung Kidul
- Krakal Beach in Gunung Kidul
Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta encourages students to have a good balance between personal and professional life. For this purpose, we help students to set up various student organizations known as student clubs. These student clubs are engaged in both academic and non-academic activities. They are named after their activities: Football Club, English Club, Band Club, Choir Club, Entrepreneur Club, Nature Lover Club, and many others. All students are most welcome to join a club they are interested in.
Before You Arrive
The rupiah (IDR) is the official currency of Indonesia. Banknotes are issued in denominations of 1,000 , 2,000 , 5,000 , 10,000 , 20,000 , 50,000 and 100,000 rupiah, while coins come in 1000, 500, 200 and 100 rupiah. Coins are not especially common in tourist areas as most prices are multiples of 1,000 rupiah.
ATMs are available in many parts of Yogyakarta – ensure you inform your bank before travelling abroad, and be aware you may be charged for cash withdrawals. It is advisable to exchange some cash before arriving in Yogyakarta. ATMs are prevalent in Yogyakarta and accept most international cards. Credit cards such as Visa, AMEX or Diner’s Club are accepted at some establishments. Money changers are available at a number of locations including hotels, though hotels invariably offer the worst rates. Banks are the best places to exchange cash and traveller’s cheques as they offer the best rates without the hefty commission fees that other places may charge.
Monthly Expenses (Rp)
- Accommodation - Rp. 600.000 ($45)
- Food - Rp. 530.000 ($40)
- Books and Study Materials - Rp. 400.000 ($30)
- Clothes, Laundry, Utilities - Rp. 200.000 ($15)
- Recreation - Rp. 530.000 ($40)
- Other - 400.000 ($30)
Total - Rp. 2.660.000 ($200)
Climate in Yogyakarta features tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) as the precipitation in the driest month, August is below 60 millimetres (2.4 inches). The wettest month in Yogyakarta is January with precipitation totalling 392 millimetres (15.4 inches). The climate is influenced by the monsoon. The annual temperature is roughly about 26 to 27 Celsius. The hottest month is April with average temperature 27.1 Celsius.
You should think about bringing the following in your luggage:
- Light raincoat (for colder weather)
- Light weight jacket or windbreaker (for warmer weather)
- Hiking boots (if you plan to hike in the Indonesian countryside)
- Hat, scarf and gloves
- Underwear and socks
- Formal attire and Formal shoes ( if you plan to join a conference)
- Comfortable walking shoes, sneakers or sandals.
Living in Yogyakarta is relatively cheaper than other big cities in Indonesia. During your study at Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, you can find various types of boarding house (rumah kos) that are affordable in price. There are many boarding houses located near the campus. Mostly, this kind of accommodation is gender specific (female or male only). The boarding house price varies from around IDR 200,000 to IDR 1,000,000 per month depending on its facilities. UMY also provides a dormitory for its students called UNIRES (University Residence), available for graduates and exchange students as well as the university visitors. The location of UNIRES is within a walking distance to the campus. The UNIRES provides a good atmosphere for fostering personal development, broadening Islamic knowledge, and improving English and Arabic proficiency. The UNIRES also has other activities for the students to spend their leisure time such as arts and physical exercises. UNIRES is also equipped with 24-hours security.
Yogyakarta is served by Adisucipto International Airport which connects the city with other major cities in Indonesia, such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Denpasar, Makassar, Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Pekanbaru, Palembang and Pontianak. It also connects the city with Singapore and Kuala Lumpur.
The city is located on one of the two major railway lines across Java between Jakarta or Bandung and Surabaya. It has two passenger railway stations, Tugu railway station which serves business and executive class trains, and Lempuyangan Station which serves economy class trains. Both stations are located in the heart of the city. One commuter train in Yogyakarta is the Prambanan Ekspress, also known as Prameks, which runs from Lempuyangan Station to Solo Balapan Station in Surakarta (Solo) (East of Yogyakarta), Kutoharjo Station in Kutoharjo (West of Yogyakarta). Other commuter trains run from Madiun Jaya (Madiun-Lempuyangan), and Joglosemar (Semarang-Lempuyangan).
The city has an extensive system of public city buses, and is a major departure point for inter-city buses to other cities in Java and Bali, as well as taxis, andongs, and becaks. Motorbikes are by far the most commonly used personal transportation, but an increasing number of residents own automobiles. Yogyakarta also has a highway known as the Ringroad and overpasses including Janti Overpass, Lempuyangan Overpass, and a recently built overpass in the northern part of the Ringroad.
Since early 2008, the city has operated a bus rapid transit system called Trans Jogja, also known as "TJ" (Indonesian), an abbreviation from "T" for 'Trans', and "J" for 'Jogja'. This system is modeled after the TransJakarta system in the capital, but unlike Trans Jakarta, there is no particular lane for Trans Jogja buses; they run on main streets. Currently there are six Trans Jogja lines, with routes throughout the main streets of Yogyakarta, some of which are overlapping. The lines extend from Jombor bus station in the north as far as Giwangan main bus terminal in the south and Prambanan bus shelter in the east via Adisucipto International Airport.
After You Arrive
Traditional markets and handicraft centers are numerous in the city where some of them located by the malls which are no less hectic.
Malioboro is located in the center of Yogyakarta and within walking distance from StasiunTugu (Tugu Railway Station). It is the most famous street in Yogyakarta. Located in the heart of Yogya, this is the city’s main street and was once the ceremonial avenue for the Sultan to pass through on his way to and from the Keraton. Along this street, we can find many stores sell primarily batik, accessories, and traditional handicrafts.
During particular occasions, Malioboro would be festively decorated with flowers. Some say that the name Malioboro” derives from the name of the British governor Marlborough from the era when Britain ruled the archipelago, between 1811-1816. Carnival and the events taking place in the area of Malioboro are normally incidental to the performance time that is uncertain. But there are some activities that are regularly held every year such as Jogja Java Carnival that is always held every October, the Yogyakarta Arts Festival in June to July, and the Chinese Cultural Week held close to the celebration of Chinese New Year (Imlek).
Beringharjo market becomes part of Malioboro that is worth visiting. This market has been the center of an economic transaction since the foundation of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Kingdom 1758. Its existence has philosophical meaning. The market that had been renovated several times symbolizes stages of human life that are busily engaged in its economy fulfillment. Furthermore, Beringharjo is also one of the “four in one” poles (consisting of South Square, the Palace, North Square, and Beringharjo market) symbolizing economy functions.
The area where the current Beringharjo market lies used to be a forest of banyan trees. In 1925, the transaction place had a permanent building. The name “Beringharjo” was given by Hamengku Buwono IX meaning that the place where banyan tree (bering) used to grow is expected to bring welfare (harjo). Now, tourists define this place as an enjoyable shopping place.
If you want to buy batik, Beringharjo is the best place because of its complete collections; ranging from batik cloth to batik clothes made of both cotton and silk materials, with the prices ranging from tens thousands to millions. It also offers merchandises, traditional snacks, Javanese herbs, to Buddha figures.
Mirota Batik is a local souvenir shop just across Beringharjo Market. It’s a 3-level building that is always crowded with shoppers. There are many stuff you can find here, such as art craft made from wood or silver, batik clothing, bags in batik motive, house decorations, shoes and sandals, unique hats, mats, ashtray, aromatic scent oil, incense, tea leaves, and snacks. You can find almost any souvenir you need from Yogyakarta to bring home. They are all in fixed reasonable price. So, when you are too lazy or not good in bargaining, it is a highly recommended place for shopping.
Here's a collection of important phone numbers for the area yogya In an urgent / emergency often we take appropriate and swift action for a variety of reasons. Set of phone numbers is often a solution to be reached under urgent conditions
Telephone Information Services : 108 (inside Yogyakarta) (0274)-108 (outside Yogyakarta)
- Emergency Call: (0274) - 11
- Ambulance : (0274) - 118
- Police :(0274) - 110
- Search and Rescue: (0274) - 115 (National) and for Yogyakarta : (0274) 587999
- Electricity: (0274) -123
- Red Cross: (0274) 372176
- Meteorology and Geophysics (Earthquake): (021) 6586 6502
For More Information, you can visit jogjatranslate.com